As part of our series on sea levels rising, the Jakarta Coastal Development Strategy demonstrates Waterfronts NL's integrated approach to waterfront development in action, by solving water defense and transportation issues while providing new living space. View our consulting and other services or download a PDF. Ask our experts for a quick scan assessment to flag show stoppers before you make heavy investments.
The Indonesian capital is sinking at an alarming rate of 7.5 cm per year, with 4.5 million people living in areas under threat. Without intervention, large parts of the city will be submerged by the sea in the not-so-distant future. The threat is so serious that studies have been undertaken to relocate Jakarta to another location in the Indonesian archipelago. To ensure this is not necessary, a joint project has been created to create a masterplan for the National Capital Integrated Coastal Development to flood-proof Jakarta, while solving several other planning issues in the capital.
In a government-to-government initiative, the Netherlands is supporting Jakarta’s fight against flooding. Due to be released in 2015, and funded by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the integrated masterplan for Jakarta will put forward solutions for the short, medium and long term issues facing the city.
The masterplan attempts to solve multiple issues at once, addressing water management issues alongside socio-economic and land use issues. Applying the Dutch Delta Concept to the coastline of Jakarta, the masterplan proposes a giant sea wall that will protect Jakarta against floods from the sea. Inside the wall, large lagoons will be created to buffer outflow from Jakarta’s rivers. To ensure the quality of this lagoon, waste disposal, water treatment and sanitation measures will be implemented throughout the existing city.
The giant sea wall development will create a unique and iconic image. Formed by laws of nature, sea water flow and efficiency, this elegant waterfront city resembles a Great Garuda – Indonesia’s national symbol of a mythical bird, similar to a Phoenix -- spreading its wings to protect the people of Jakarta, the National Capital.
The new sea wall will become an integral part of the development of Jakarta. The city will be become water resilient and the new coastal development will provide land to house 1.5 to 2 million people. Metropolis scale infrastructure such as toll roads, light rail and freight trains is integrated in the design to relieve urban pressure (traffic, building, economic) on the existing city.
The Masterplan for NCICD is being developed by a consortium headed by Witteveen+Bos (lead consultant) and Grontmij, with subconsultants KuiperCompagnons, Deltares, Ecorys and Triple-A. The urban concepting of the Great Garuda is by KuiperCompagnons.